IELTS-International English Language Testing System
The International English Language Testing System (IELTS) is one of the toughest exams for English accepted worldwide. It evaluates the language proficiency of people who are willing to immigrate to English-speaking countries or are preparing for higher studies. It was established in 1989 and jointly directed by the British Council, IDP IELTS Australia, and Cambridge Assessment English. In India, IDP IELTS Australia conducts the IELTS exam.
- It is highly accepted in 140 countries by over 10,000 institutions and acknowledged by universities and companies in many big countries like Australia, Canada, New Zealand, The UK, The US, Ireland, and other countries where English is their native language.
The candidates can attempt the IELTS for the following objectives:
- Study abroad- Students planning to move overseas for higher education in countries like Australia, Canada, New Zealand, The UK, The US, Ireland, or wherever the medium of teaching or communication is English have to take IELTS mandatorily to prove their proficiency in English.
- Work abroad- Many individuals who move overseas or are willing to work in English-speaking countries have to give IELTS because it increases their chances of being acknowledged by employers. There is a massive demand for nurses, doctors, engineers, accountancy and teaching in various English-speaking countries.
- Immigration abroad- For individuals who are planning to immigrate to English-speaking countries, they must appear for the IELTS exam. Many big countries like Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the UK, and the USA uses IELTS as an essential step for PR in their immigration process.
IELTS Test Modules
There are two accessible modules for IELTS, and they are:
|Academic IELTS||General IELTS|
|Academic IELTS is usually for study purposes, where an individual is willing to study in English-speaking countries. Each year over 4 million students apply to study abroad where the mode of teaching or communication is English.||General IELTS is applicable in immigration cases. When an individual is willing to immigrate to English-speaking countries, it also increases their chances to get selected by an employer quickly in foreign countries.|
The test structure of IELTS conducted on four abilities:
The total test time for IELTS is 2 hours and 45 minutes. The evaluation of Reading, Writing, listening and speaking proficiency happens on the same day, and the speaking test might fall on another day sometimes.
An outline of the test structure of IELTS:
|IELTS Speaking Test
|Speaking tests for candidates happens in three parts to check the speaking skills of the candidates.|
|IELTS Reading Test
|Assessment of the reading ability of the candidates.
Candidates need to answer 40 questions for evaluation.
|IELTS Writing Test
|In the writing test, the candidate needs to complete two tasks and cover the topic of the candidate's interest based on the module.|
|IELTS Listening Skill
|The listening ability of the candidate happens through four recordings, and then they need to answer the questions based on the recordings.|
The listening and speaking test is conducted the same for both the Academic and General IELTS, but questions are different for Reading and writing tests.
IELTS scoring system happens through four structures-reading, writing, speaking and listening. The scores of all 4 give a final result when rounded together.
|Band Score||Skill Level||Description|
|9||Expert user||Accurate and Fluent command on the language|
|8||Very-good user||Full command with occasional inaccuracies|
|7||Good user||Operational command with inappropriate usage and misunderstanding in some situations.|
|6||Competent user||Effective command on language with inaccuracies in some situations but able to understand complex languages.|
|5||Modest user||Partial command of the language but can cope with the meanings in most of the situation.|
|4||Limited user||Problem in understanding, expressing and unable to use complex language.|
|3||Extremely-limited user||Breakdowns in communication with understanding of general word meanings in familiar situation.|
|2||Intermittent user||Hard to understand spoken and written English|
|1||Non-user||No ability to use the language (except some words)|
|0||Did not attempt||Did not attempted the answer|
The candidates can attempt IELTS via two mediums:
|Computer-based Test||Paper-based Test|
|The candidate can take the reading, listening, and writing tests on the computer on their preferred date (up to 7 days a week and three times a day)||The candidate can take the reading, listening, and writing test on paper on their preferred date (up to 4 tests dates in a month or on 48 allotted dates throughout the year.|
The test results for the computer-based IELTS test are out in 3 to 5 days, and for the paper-based test, it takes 13 days. A candidate is issued only one TRF (test report form), Which is valid for two years.
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FAQS for IELTS
Currently, there are more than 50 IELTS test centres in India. For computer-delivered IELTS, 20 locations are available. IDP IELTS Australia offers more than 200 locations in 45 countries.
The candidates can visit the official IELTS India websites to register for the IELTS exam.Then, they can select their preferred test mode (computer-based or paper-based), date, and location for the exam.
The IELTS examiner assesses the candidate's speaking ability in three parts, and a recording happens during the test. The Speaking test is for about 11-14 minutes.
There are no passing or failing marks in IELTS. The candidates receive the scores based on a 9 -band system where they get grades according to their proficiency and understanding of the language.
The candidates can receive the results of the computer-based IELTS exam in 3 days, and the paper-based results come out in 13 days.
The test is marked based on the understanding and abilities of language in four contexts- reading, writing, speaking, and listening. The nine band grades are provided based on proficiency in four of them.