PNP (Provincial Nominee Programs) of Canada offers candidates a pathway to immigrate to Canada or become Canadian permanent residents. Every Province and territory of Canada runs its provincial nominee program to meet its economic and demographic requirements.
Asunder from Quebec and Nunavut, every Province of Canada operates various PNP streams. Every Province has different eligibility criteria and requirements based on its market needs.
The PNP program of Canada is one of the fastest pathways to immigrate to Canada and achieve Canadian permanent residence. So, the Provincial Nominee Program of Canada is a better option for someone planning to immigrate to Canada.
Provinces and Territories
Every Province and Territory of Canada runs its Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) apart from Quebec and Nunavut. These PNPs designed to meet the economic and demographic needs of provinces. The eligibility criteria, application process, and requirements of each PNPs vary from Province to Province.
Every candidate should consult each Province and its eligibility criteria before applying for the program.
Provinces of Canada:
The process to apply for a Canadian Provincial Nominee Program is as follows:
Some PNPs do not require alignment with Express Entry to apply; these programs are base PNPs. The nomination process of each Province varies from program to program, but the general process is mostly the same:
Once a candidate gets nominated by the Province or territory, they can submit their application for Canadian permanent residence to Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada via IRCC's online Permanent Residence Portal.
All PNP programs vary; their application process differs, and getting a nomination through the Express Entry system depends from program to program.
Every Province and Territory of Canada runs its own PNP program except Quebec and Nunavut, with various streams. And there are more than 80 provincial Nominee Programs.
In the year 2015, Canada introduced the Express Entry System to manage the applications of the candidates for Canadian permanent residence through some significant economic immigration programs. Since then, many Canadian Provinces have evolved enhanced PNP streams aligned with the Express Entry System.
Many PNPs require a candidate to have an Express Entry Profile to meet their eligibility.
The skills and work experience of the candidates play a vital role in the immigration process through PNP programs as each Province has their specific market and labour needs, and they select the candidates based on that only.
So, work experience in an in-demand profession in Canada with solid language skills and educational qualifications can help you get a nomination from the Province.
The eligibility criteria of each Province vary from program to program. Still, if a candidate has connections in Canada or required work experience and language proficiency as in demand in Canadian Province, they can be eligible for a PNP program.
PNP programs are a part of the economic immigration strategy, so many programs require candidates to have work experience in some skilled profession, strong language abilities, educational qualifications, etc.
Each Province has some basic requirements for an applicant, like academic qualifications, language proficiency, work experience, age, etc.
Every Province has set different requirements and eligibility criteria based on its labour market needs. The candidate must also prove that they will contribute to the development of economic growth and have a will to live in Province.
Processing time for a PNP application differs from program to program, but it usually takes a few months to process an application.
It is a two-step process to apply for a Canadian permanent residence through a PNP program.
First, the candidate should apply directly to the Province of their choice, and once they receive the approval, they must apply to the Federal Government of Canada.
The processing time depends on whether the candidate applied through the base or enhanced PNP.
Many PNPs programs need candidates to have a profile in the Express Entry Pool. However, it is not compulsory in all PNP programs to be eligible for the Express Entry profile. These programs have different eligibility criteria and requirements, so it is advisable to take guidance from someone experienced in the immigration field.